MOBTRAN project focuses on cross-border labor mobility. Between 1999 and 2016, the number of cross-border workers increased by more than 130% in the UE-15 (Eurostat, 2017). France is the country with the highest number of cross-border workers in the European Union with an increase by more than 76%, in the same period.
This strong growth in commuting flows raises several unexplored questions, that we aim to address in this project. First, our goal is to analyze the determinant of cross-border labor mobility making a comparison between two borders areas: Switzerland and Luxembourg, as these countries concentrate more than half of the cross-border mobilities (INSEE, 2012). Second, MOBTRAN project aims to analyze the economic impact of cross-border labor mobility in the territories concerned. More particularly, MOBTRAN project focuses on the effect of cross-border mobility on hiring competition. Employment opportunities and potential higher wages can lead to significant tensions in the recruitment process of local firms, especially for skilled jobs.