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Economic and territorial impacts of competitiveness clusters according to the area

Groupe d'Analyse et de Théorie Economique - Lyon - Saint-Etienne - ECULLY - 2016

“The idea behind the setup of the competitiveness clusters in 2005 was in line with the global push towards this form of organization. They are articulated around 2 ideas:
The first is the spatial dimension because geography would improve the spread of knowledge from one group of researchers or from one company (or group). In reality, their spatial division is not clearly marked.
The second is the resilience dimension because social proximity or relationship created by cooperation relations between actors in innovation could facilitate the uptake. The aim is to measure economic and territorial impacts (both direct and indirect).