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INETTRAV: Working Hours Inequalities

Working time constitutes a fundamental concept within the economic structure. It resides (a) at the core of production organization, serving as a component of the labor factor of production, and (b) holds centrality in individuals' well-being. According to neoclassical labor supply theory, individuals seeking to maximize utility can freely choose their working hours, thus attaining their optimal labor supply within the labor market. However, firms' actions in determining working hours may impose constraints on workers, thereby preventing them from attaining their desired hours of work. The potential conflict between workers and employers regarding the appropriate number of hours to implement gives rise to a phenomenon known as 'hours mismatch'. This project focuses on the measure and origins of such mismatch in France.