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Dynamics of territorial organization and spatial inequalities in urban environments subject to local pollution problems

This project proposes to extend standard spatial equilibrium models in regional and urban economics to includ the dynamics of pollutant emissions, dispersion and transport associated with economic and urban development and, in turn, the impact of pollution on the attractiveness of certain areas, as well as on the health and productivity of workers. It will consist of a theoretical axis and an empirical component, devoted to the evolution of urban structures and spatial disparities observed at the scale of a French region or metropolitan area. The central question of the project will be to study how, through the spatial mobility of employees and jobs and through geographical factors (wind, physical constraints), spatial disparities in terms of exposure and contribution to pollution can emerge in the short and long term, and potentially overlap with socio-economic inequalities.